For the third consecutive term, the Supreme Court will hear a case involving the False Claims Act (FCA). On May 31, the Court granted review in State Farm Fire and Cas. Co. v. U.S. ex rel. Rigsby to address the applicable standard for dismissal in FCA cases when whistleblowers (referred to as relators under the statute) violate the FCA’s statutory sealing provision by publicly revealing the allegations in their complaint while it is under seal and being investigated by the government. The case presents the Court with an opportunity to resolve a split in which circuits have applied three tests: (1) a bright-line rule that mandates dismissal; (2) a rule that considers whether the violation frustrates the congressional goals served by the seal requirement; and (3) a balancing test that focuses on whether the violation actually harms the government. Crowell & Moring plans to monitor developments closely and will provide an update when the case is fully briefed.