Alan W. H. Gourley is a partner in the Washington, D.C. office of the law firm of Crowell & Moring. Alan counsels clients with respect to a broad range of international and government contract issues. He has extensive experience with all aspects of international contracts, both government and commercial. He counsels and defends clients with respect to compliance with U.S. export controls and sanctions regulations, the Buy American Act, Berry Amendment and Trade Agreements Act requirements, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the Foreign Military Financing program, Foreign Military Sales, US AID grants and procurements, World Bank procurements and other laws and regulations applicable to international transactions. He also counsels clients concerning U.S. laws and regulations applicable to foreign investment and ownership in the United States, such as Exon-Florio and the National Industrial Security Program and with respect to investment protection provided overseas by various Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) and Free Trade Agreements. He has litigated numerous contract cases against the United States and arbitrated cases against foreign governments and international organizations. He has defended clients in qui tam and other cases under the False Claims Act as well as in various criminal grand jury and civil fraud investigations. He has also litigated investor-state disputes in arbitrations brought under commercial contracts as well as under NAFTA Chapter Eleven. He is experienced as well with the investment protections provided by international law and the Energy Charter Treaty, BITs and other Free Trade Agreements. He graduated magna cum laude from Beloit College in 1977 and from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1981.